Category: Explaining dissociation and DID

Demystifying ritual abuse: the basics explained

Most people have heard the term ‘ritual abuse’, in particular ‘satanic ritual abuse’ but the reality is that ritual abuse can exist with or without a belief system linked to religion. Many survivors report that any belief system was secondary to the group’s desire to severely abuse, control and frighten others

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DID or DDNOS: does it matter?

DDNOS is a strange-sounding diagnosis and seen by many as a ‘not yet’ or ‘not quite’ version of dissociative identity disorder. This article explores the differences between the two diagnoses and whether that difference matters or is arbitrary.

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What is psychological trauma?

Trauma is an event or series of events that are so overwhelming and threatening to life or sanity that a person cannot cope. The mind may switch off (dissociate) during the event or, at the very least, it will not be able to hold together the different elements of the event afterwards and ‘integrate’ them or join them together.

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What causes dissociative identity disorder?

Dissociative identity disorder does not happen in a vacuum: it does not result from a chemical imbalance in the brain, and is not caused by faulty genes. There may be biological, social and environmental factors which increase people’s vulnerability to developing a dissociative disorder. But more than anything, DID develops as a result of trauma and disorganised attachment.

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What is dissociation?

Dissociation is a very common experience and can range from the normal to the pathological. Chronic, problematic, ‘pathological’ dissociation develops when there is repeated threat or trauma, especially when it starts at a young age, and when there is inadequate support or soothing from an attachment figure.

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